Sharmaine D Barnes, LMFT, CEAP
Racial Trauma Specialist
Until lions have their own historians, tales of the hunt shall always glorify the hunter
– African Proverb (Igbo, Nigeria)
The 1619 Project
Four hundred years ago, on August 20, 1619, a ship carrying about 20 enslaved Africans arrived in Point Comfort, a coastal port in the British colony of Virginia. Though America did not even exist yet, their arrival marked its foundation, the beginning of the system of slavery on which this country was built. The 1619 Project examines the many ways the legacy of slavery continues to shape and define life in the United States.
The 1619 Project is a program organized by The New York Times with the goal of re-examining the legacy of slavery in the United States and timed for the 400th anniversary of the arrival in America of the first enslaved people from West Africa. It is an interactive project by Nikole Hannah-Jones, a reporter for the New York Times, with contributions by the paper's writers, including essays, poems, short fiction, and a photo essay.
Here's the link to learn more about The 1619 Project: https://pulitzercenter.org/sites/default/files/full_issue_of_the_1619_project.pdf
Slavery in Colonial America, 1619–1776 (The African American Experience Series) by Betty Wood
Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome: America's Legacy of Enduring Injury and Healing
by Joy a Degruy